Background information

Europe spends billions stopping migration. Good luck figuring out where the money actually goes

Since the summer of 2015, when countless boats full of migrants began arriving on the shores of Greece and Italy, Europe has increased migration spending by billions. And much of this money is being spent in Africa. Within Europe, the political left and right have very different ways of framing the potential benefits of that funding. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Europa, Afrika

Frontex: The making of a 'super agency'

On 13 November 2019, the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament adopted the new Regulation on the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), three years following the agency’s last reform. The new Regulation will come into force on 4 December 2019 and will make Frontex the strongest and best financed agency in the history of the European Union (EU).
The new Regulation aims to increase the agency’s autonomy and to reduce operational dependency of the agency on EU Member States (MS). For this purpose, the Regulation expands the agency’s capacity and mandate in three main respects as Refugee Support Aegean and ProAsyl report.
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Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Europäische Union

Asylum, relocation and return of migrants: Time to step up action to address disparities between objectives and results

In recent years, the EU has seen unprecedented levels of migration and a subsequent increase in asylum applications. The migration crisis peaked in 2015, when over 1 million people embarked upon the treacherous journey to Europe by sea, before returning to pre-crisis levels. This surge in migration has challenged the EU framework on asylum, migration and external borders management. Established arrangements have come under heavy strain, even prompting their temporary suspension in some cases. Located on the frontline, Greece and Italy are disproportionately burdened. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Griechenland / Türkei

Deportation to Afghanistan: A Challenge to State Legitimacy and Stability?

The population of Afghan citizens deported back to Afghanistan from European countries constitutes a significant community, which has the potential of contributing to a further destabilisation of Afghanistan. Deportees make up of a population group extremely traumatized by their long, dangerous and expensive journeys in hopes of better and safe places to begin new chapters in the lives. A real and/or perceived sense of deep insecurity and lack of safety were cited as the major factors causing the original flight of the deportees interviewed. Escape from extreme poverty and lack of hope and prospects for improvement in their living conditions were cited as secondary factors for seeking refuge outside of Afghanistan. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Mittlerer Osten

Illegal pushbacks in Evros: Eveidence of human rights abuses at the Greece/Turkey border

In the last couple of years various refugee and human rights related organizations have reported illegal pushbacks at the Greece-Turkey Border around the Evros river, highlighting the organized and intensified nature of collective migrant expulsions in this region and the serious physical and psychological mistreatment that often accompany them. In August 2018, Mobile Info Team started collecting first-hand testimonies of individuals who crossed the border and were forcibly pushed back to Turkey. The testimonies were collected by trained volunteers and interpreters through our fieldwork and our outreach channels for beneficiaries. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Griechenland / Türkei

Deportation to Afghanistan: A Challenge to State Legitimacy and Stability?

The population of Afghan citizens deported back to Afghanistan from European countries constitutes a significant community, which has the potential of contributing to a further destabilisation of Afghanistan. Deportees make up of a population group extremely traumatized by their long, dangerous and expensive journeys in hopes of better and safe places to begin new chapters in the lives. A real and/or perceived sense of deep insecurity and lack of safety were cited as the major factors causing the original flight of the deportees interviewed. Escape from extreme poverty and lack of hope and prospects for improvement in their living conditions were cited as secondary factors for seeking refuge outside of Afghanistan. Almost all the deportees interviewed during this research reiterated that they had never thought of the government as an effective source of protection and security, nor did they think that the government would be able to protect them from risks and dangers in the foreseeable future. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Naher Osten, Deutschland

After the storm: Organized crime across the Sahel-Sahara following upheaval in Libya and Mali

Organized crime in the Sahel has entered a new phase of consolidation and diversification. During the past decade, criminal activity expanded exponentially, particularly in the wake of the conflicts in Libya (2011) and Mali (2012). Arms stockpiles from the Libyan regime spilled into neighbouring countries at an alarming rate following the revolution, fuelling conflict across the region and bolstering the operational capacity of criminals all the way from Mali to southern Sudan – and beyond. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Nordafrika

ILLEGAL PUSHBACKS IN EVROS

Since August 2018, Mobile Info Team has been collecting first-hand testimonies of individuals who crossed the border into Greece and were forcibly pushed back to Turkey. Our expertise in asylum law and direct service to impacted communities makes us strategically poised to document and challenge these illegal and systematic expulsions. For this reason, Mobile Info Team is working with partners in Northern Greece to collect, document, and ultimately challenge these actions. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Griechenland / Türkei

Sea rescue NGOs : a pull factor of irregular migration?

The argument that maritime Search and Rescue (SAR) operations act as a ‘pull factor’ of irregular seaborne migration has become com-monplace during the Mediterranean ‘refugee crisis’. This claim has frequently been used to criticize humanitarian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) conducting SAR off the coast of Libya, which are considered to provide “an incentive for human smugglers to arrange departures” (Italian Senate 2017: 9). In this policy brief, we scrutinise this argument by examining monthly migratory flows from Libya to Italy between 2014 and October 2019. We find no relation-ship between the presence of NGOs at sea and the number of migrants leaving Libyan shores. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Nordafrika, Europäische Union, Europa

«L’Union européenne met de plus en plus les migrants en danger»

L'Union européenne est « hypocrite ». « Elle refuse de reconnaître les dégâts occasionnés par sa politique migratoire ». C'est la conviction du chercheur Jérôme Tubiana. Ce spécialiste des questions migratoires a travaillé cette année pour le compte de Médecins sans frontières (MSF) dans les centres de détention en Libye, où sont gardés plusieurs milliers de migrants subsahariens. read more

Language(s): Französisch / Français
Region(s): Nordafrika, Europäische Union

The hidden ‘battlefield’ - struggles for freedom of movement in Morocco

Alarm Phone - Western Med Regional Analysis, 1 August - 31 October 2019. Writing these reports on developments on the Western Mediterranean migration route via Morocco is a complex task and we would like to share some reflections on the process before going into the content. There is little media coverage on the situation of people on the move via Morocco; not least because the Moroccan kingdom controls press activity. It takes a dim view of investigations into its own shortcomings or reports of conflict. Independent investigators, journalists, human rights reporters and activists are observed and we know of several cases where people have been asked to leave the country and had their material confiscated. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Spanien, Nordafrika

Alarm Phone Alerted to 99 Distress Situations, Involving over 3,580 Individuals

Over the past 8 weeks, September 2 to October 27, the period of time this report covers, the WatchTheMed Alarm Phone was engaged in 99 distress cases in the Mediterranean Sea, involving about 3,580 migrant travellers. Approximately 985 people did not reach Europe as they were returned to their places of departure. About 2,362 people reached Europe in Italy, Malta, Greece or Spain. The fate of over 200 people remains unknown. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Spanien, Griechenland / Türkei, Nordafrika

Peut-on être étranger chez soi ?

L’Afrique doit être la première à libérer les circulations, à élaguer les frontières héritées de la colonisation, à refonder entièrement la politique des visas d’un pays à l’autre du continent. Pour ne plus dépendre des diktats de l’Europe et fonder enfin un droit à l’hospitalité. De nos jours, l’une des manières de vulnérabiliser des millions de gens est de les empêcher de bouger.
De fait, la structuration contemporaine de notre monde est de plus en plus fondée sur une répartition inégale des capacités de mobilité et de circulation, ainsi que de cette ressource qu’est désormais la vitesse. De ce point de vue, l’Afrique est doublement pénalisée, du dehors comme du dedans. read more

Language(s): Französisch / Français
Region(s): Afrika

RadiHum steht für Radikale Humanist*innen

Wir sind eine Initiative, die aus der #unteilbar-Bewegung hervorgegangen ist.
Ausgangspunkt der Initiative ist das heuchlerische Gedenken von staatlichen Institutionen an 30 Jahre Mauerfall, während von der EU ein unmenschliches Grenzregime errichtet wird.
In diesem November wird in Deutschland an den 30. Jahrestag des Mauerfalls gedacht. In Festakten wird viel von dem Wunsch der Menschen nach einem selbstbestimmten Leben in Freiheit gesprochen. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Europäische Union, Europa

Italy's dubious policies in Libya

In pursuit of easy solutions for the refugee crisis and lucrative deals, Italy has become complicit in Libya's abuses. Italian newspaper L'Avvenire revealed that the Italian government was working closely with Abd al-Rahman "Bija" Milad, the head of Libya's infamous Zawiyah coastguard, to stem the flow of refugees from the porous Libyan coast. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Nordafrika

The Business of Building Walls

Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Europe is once again known for its borderwalls. This time Europe is divided not so much by ideology as by perceived fear of
refugees and migrants, some of the world’s most vulnerable people.
Who killed the dream of a more open Europe? What gave rise to this new era of walls? There are clearly many reasons – the increasing displacement of people by conflict, repression and impoverishment, the rise of security politics in the wake of 9/11, the economic and social insecurity felt across Europe after the 2008 financial crisis – to name a few. But one group has by far the most to gain from the rise of new walls – the businesses that build them. Their influence in shaping a world of walls needs much deeper examination. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Europa

Building walls: fear and securitization policies in the European Union

Member states of the European Union and Schengen Area have constructed almost 1000 km of walls, the equivalent of more than six times the total length of the Berlin Walls, since the nineties to prevent displaced people migrating into Europe. These physical walls are accompanied by even longer ‘maritime walls’, naval operations patrolling the Mediterranean, as well as ‘virtual walls’, border control systems that seek to stop people entering or even traveling within Europe, and control movement of population. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Europa

UNICEF Report: Child-sensitive return: Upholding the best interests of refugee and migrant children in return and reintegration decisions and processes in Germany

Many European governments increasingly seek to return migrant children to their countries of origin or transit, but this is often not undertaken in full accordance with international obligations on children’s rights, nor with respect for children’s best interests. The present study – “Child-sensitive return. Upholding the best interests of refugee and migrant children in return and reintegration decisions and processes in Germany” – outlines areas of progress in policy and practice for children made in recent years. However, it also clearly shows that more action is required to ensure that the principle of the best interests of the child guides all decisions in this area. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Deutschland

Behind the new refugee surge to the Greek islands

“They told us, the young boys, to take a gun and go fight. Because of that I escaped from there [and] came here,” Mohammed, a 16-year-old from Ghazni province in Afghanistan, said while sitting in the entrance of a small, summer camping tent on the Greek island of Lesvos in early October.
Nearby, across a narrow streambed, the din of voices rose from behind the barbed wire-topped fences surrounding Moria, Europe’s largest refugee camp.
With the capacity to house around 3,000 people, the camp has long since spilled out of its walls, spreading into the olive groves on the surrounding hills, and is continuing to grow each day, with dangers of sickness and accidents set to increase in the winter months ahead. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Griechenland / Türkei

Tripolis und der Bluff der Küstenwache: "Alles wird von Rom koordiniert"

Libysche Seenotrettungszone (SAR) à la italiana, zweiter Akt. Wie auch immer die Verhandlungen über das Abkommen zwischen Rom und Tripolis enden werden, die Komödie über die Existenz eines echten, effizienten und autonomen Such- und Rettungsgebietes (SAR) unter der Leitung Libyens wird fortgesetzt. Und damit die versteckte Rolle des "Koordinators der Operationen auf See", die die italienische Marine übernommen hat. Das belegen einige Dokument, die von der Tageszeitung Repubblica eingesehen wurden und die nun bei der Staatsanwaltschaft in Agrigent liegen, welche ermittelt. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Nordafrika

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