Background information

ILLEGAL PUSHBACKS IN EVROS

Since August 2018, Mobile Info Team has been collecting first-hand testimonies of individuals who crossed the border into Greece and were forcibly pushed back to Turkey. Our expertise in asylum law and direct service to impacted communities makes us strategically poised to document and challenge these illegal and systematic expulsions. For this reason, Mobile Info Team is working with partners in Northern Greece to collect, document, and ultimately challenge these actions. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Griechenland / Türkei

Sea rescue NGOs : a pull factor of irregular migration?

The argument that maritime Search and Rescue (SAR) operations act as a ‘pull factor’ of irregular seaborne migration has become com-monplace during the Mediterranean ‘refugee crisis’. This claim has frequently been used to criticize humanitarian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) conducting SAR off the coast of Libya, which are considered to provide “an incentive for human smugglers to arrange departures” (Italian Senate 2017: 9). In this policy brief, we scrutinise this argument by examining monthly migratory flows from Libya to Italy between 2014 and October 2019. We find no relation-ship between the presence of NGOs at sea and the number of migrants leaving Libyan shores. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Nordafrika, Europäische Union, Europa

«L’Union européenne met de plus en plus les migrants en danger»

L'Union européenne est « hypocrite ». « Elle refuse de reconnaître les dégâts occasionnés par sa politique migratoire ». C'est la conviction du chercheur Jérôme Tubiana. Ce spécialiste des questions migratoires a travaillé cette année pour le compte de Médecins sans frontières (MSF) dans les centres de détention en Libye, où sont gardés plusieurs milliers de migrants subsahariens. read more

Language(s): Französisch / Français
Region(s): Nordafrika, Europäische Union

The hidden ‘battlefield’ - struggles for freedom of movement in Morocco

Alarm Phone - Western Med Regional Analysis, 1 August - 31 October 2019. Writing these reports on developments on the Western Mediterranean migration route via Morocco is a complex task and we would like to share some reflections on the process before going into the content. There is little media coverage on the situation of people on the move via Morocco; not least because the Moroccan kingdom controls press activity. It takes a dim view of investigations into its own shortcomings or reports of conflict. Independent investigators, journalists, human rights reporters and activists are observed and we know of several cases where people have been asked to leave the country and had their material confiscated. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Spanien, Nordafrika

Alarm Phone Alerted to 99 Distress Situations, Involving over 3,580 Individuals

Over the past 8 weeks, September 2 to October 27, the period of time this report covers, the WatchTheMed Alarm Phone was engaged in 99 distress cases in the Mediterranean Sea, involving about 3,580 migrant travellers. Approximately 985 people did not reach Europe as they were returned to their places of departure. About 2,362 people reached Europe in Italy, Malta, Greece or Spain. The fate of over 200 people remains unknown. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Spanien, Griechenland / Türkei, Nordafrika

Peut-on être étranger chez soi ?

L’Afrique doit être la première à libérer les circulations, à élaguer les frontières héritées de la colonisation, à refonder entièrement la politique des visas d’un pays à l’autre du continent. Pour ne plus dépendre des diktats de l’Europe et fonder enfin un droit à l’hospitalité. De nos jours, l’une des manières de vulnérabiliser des millions de gens est de les empêcher de bouger.
De fait, la structuration contemporaine de notre monde est de plus en plus fondée sur une répartition inégale des capacités de mobilité et de circulation, ainsi que de cette ressource qu’est désormais la vitesse. De ce point de vue, l’Afrique est doublement pénalisée, du dehors comme du dedans. read more

Language(s): Französisch / Français
Region(s): Afrika

RadiHum steht für Radikale Humanist*innen

Wir sind eine Initiative, die aus der #unteilbar-Bewegung hervorgegangen ist.
Ausgangspunkt der Initiative ist das heuchlerische Gedenken von staatlichen Institutionen an 30 Jahre Mauerfall, während von der EU ein unmenschliches Grenzregime errichtet wird.
In diesem November wird in Deutschland an den 30. Jahrestag des Mauerfalls gedacht. In Festakten wird viel von dem Wunsch der Menschen nach einem selbstbestimmten Leben in Freiheit gesprochen. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Europäische Union, Europa

Italy's dubious policies in Libya

In pursuit of easy solutions for the refugee crisis and lucrative deals, Italy has become complicit in Libya's abuses. Italian newspaper L'Avvenire revealed that the Italian government was working closely with Abd al-Rahman "Bija" Milad, the head of Libya's infamous Zawiyah coastguard, to stem the flow of refugees from the porous Libyan coast. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Nordafrika

The Business of Building Walls

Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Europe is once again known for its borderwalls. This time Europe is divided not so much by ideology as by perceived fear of
refugees and migrants, some of the world’s most vulnerable people.
Who killed the dream of a more open Europe? What gave rise to this new era of walls? There are clearly many reasons – the increasing displacement of people by conflict, repression and impoverishment, the rise of security politics in the wake of 9/11, the economic and social insecurity felt across Europe after the 2008 financial crisis – to name a few. But one group has by far the most to gain from the rise of new walls – the businesses that build them. Their influence in shaping a world of walls needs much deeper examination. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Europa

Building walls: fear and securitization policies in the European Union

Member states of the European Union and Schengen Area have constructed almost 1000 km of walls, the equivalent of more than six times the total length of the Berlin Walls, since the nineties to prevent displaced people migrating into Europe. These physical walls are accompanied by even longer ‘maritime walls’, naval operations patrolling the Mediterranean, as well as ‘virtual walls’, border control systems that seek to stop people entering or even traveling within Europe, and control movement of population. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Europa

UNICEF Report: Child-sensitive return: Upholding the best interests of refugee and migrant children in return and reintegration decisions and processes in Germany

Many European governments increasingly seek to return migrant children to their countries of origin or transit, but this is often not undertaken in full accordance with international obligations on children’s rights, nor with respect for children’s best interests. The present study – “Child-sensitive return. Upholding the best interests of refugee and migrant children in return and reintegration decisions and processes in Germany” – outlines areas of progress in policy and practice for children made in recent years. However, it also clearly shows that more action is required to ensure that the principle of the best interests of the child guides all decisions in this area. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Deutschland

Behind the new refugee surge to the Greek islands

“They told us, the young boys, to take a gun and go fight. Because of that I escaped from there [and] came here,” Mohammed, a 16-year-old from Ghazni province in Afghanistan, said while sitting in the entrance of a small, summer camping tent on the Greek island of Lesvos in early October.
Nearby, across a narrow streambed, the din of voices rose from behind the barbed wire-topped fences surrounding Moria, Europe’s largest refugee camp.
With the capacity to house around 3,000 people, the camp has long since spilled out of its walls, spreading into the olive groves on the surrounding hills, and is continuing to grow each day, with dangers of sickness and accidents set to increase in the winter months ahead. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Griechenland / Türkei

Tripolis und der Bluff der Küstenwache: "Alles wird von Rom koordiniert"

Libysche Seenotrettungszone (SAR) à la italiana, zweiter Akt. Wie auch immer die Verhandlungen über das Abkommen zwischen Rom und Tripolis enden werden, die Komödie über die Existenz eines echten, effizienten und autonomen Such- und Rettungsgebietes (SAR) unter der Leitung Libyens wird fortgesetzt. Und damit die versteckte Rolle des "Koordinators der Operationen auf See", die die italienische Marine übernommen hat. Das belegen einige Dokument, die von der Tageszeitung Repubblica eingesehen wurden und die nun bei der Staatsanwaltschaft in Agrigent liegen, welche ermittelt. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Nordafrika

bordermonitoring.eu e.V.: Newsletter #3.2019

In der neunten Ausgabe des Newsletters von bordermonitoring.eu wird, wie gewohnt, der aktuelle Stand des Grenzregimes in Ungarn, auf der Balkanroute, in Bulgarien, der Türkei und in Italien zusammengefasst. Zuallerallererst wird in diesem Newsletter jedoch näher auf ein Phänomen eingegangen, welches bisher – zumindest im deutschsprachigen Raum – noch weitestgehend unbekannt ist: Bootsgeflüchtete im Kanal zwischen Frankreich und England. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Balkanstaaten, Italien / Malta, Griechenland / Türkei, Osteuropa, Europäische Union, Europa

The Rescue: a flimsy raft, more than 100 souls, and three teenage heroes — or are they pirates?

Malta is currently the place of a political trial against three teenagers – 15, 16 and 19 years old. They were part of a group of 108 people who were rescued on March 26 this year by the merchant vessel El Hiblu 1 on its route to Tripoli. A European military aircraft alerted the commercial tanker as the so-called Libyan coastguards were not operative. When the migrants who had escaped Libya realised that they were returned back to their place of torment and an active warzone, they desperately demanded of the crew to change course and sail to Europe.[23] The teenagers, the “El Hiblu 3”, who were negotiating with the crew due to their language skills, rescued these 108 people, among them women and children, from being refouled back to Libya. Now they stand trial before the Maltese court, accused of having engaged in “terroristic” activities. The prosecution wants to turn the three into terrorist pirates who could face sentences up to 30 years in prison. The concrete charges against the “El Hiblu 3” are expected to come soon. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Europäische Union, Europa

ESCLUSIVO - UNHCR in Libia, parte 1: Dalla difesa dei rifugiati a quella degli interessi europei?

Il 3 ottobre si celebra la Giornata della Memoria e dell’Accoglienza per ricordare e commemorare tutte le vittime dell’immigrazione. Ricorda il naufragio del 2013 in cui 368 persone persero la vita al largo di Lampedusa.

In questo anniversario, Euronews pubblica in esclusiva un'inchiesta sull'operato di UNHCR, l'Alto Commissariato delle Nazioni Unite per i Rifugiati, in Libia, dove migliaia di migranti vivono in centri di detenzione o per le pericolose strade di Tripoli con la speranza, un giorno, di arrivare in Europa.

Nella nostra indagine abbiamo riscontrato preoccupanti negligenze in termini di assistenza umanitaria nei confronti di migranti e rifugiati che aspettano, a volte per anni, di sapere che ne sarà di loro. Restano in attesa in centri dove stupri, torture ma anche colpi d'arma da fuoco possono essere all'ordine del giorno. Ci domandiamo perché un'agenzia dell'Onu abbia difficoltà a lavorare in Libia nonostante il governo di Accordo Nazionale sia riconosciuto dall'Onu; ma, soprattutto, ci chiediamo il perché della mancanza di trasparenza che circonda l'operato dell'agenzia a Tripoli. Lo facciamo anche grazie alle interviste ai migranti detenuti in quelli che sono stati definiti dallo stesso Alto Commissario dell'UNHCR, Filippo Grandi, come veri e propri "campi di concentramento". read more

Language(s): Italienisch / Italiano
Region(s): Nordafrika

UNHCR in Libia, parte 3 - Parla un whistleblower: "Favoritismi e cultura dell'impunità"

L'indagine di Euronews sull'operato dell'UNHCR, l'Alto Commissario Onu per i Rifugiati, in Libia è stata portata all'attenzione del portavoce del segretario generale delle Nazioni Unite, António Guterres.

In questa terza parte della nostra inchiesta esclusiva diamo la parola a un whistleblower, un ex dipendente dell'agenzia che denuncia "la peggiore" gestione "della regione", tra accuse di corruzione, "cultura dell'impunità", errori procedurali nel sistema delle registrazioni dei rifugiati e incompetenza dello staff locale di fronte a decine di migliaia di migranti in situazione di estrema vulnerabilità.
L'ex membro dello staff UNHCR ha parlato con Euronews chiedendo di restare anonimo per paura di ripercussioni. Dal suo racconto emerge il ritratto di un'agenzia non in grado di assolvere a pieno al proprio mandato, in una Libia sempre più violenta e instabile in cui i richiedenti asilo che non si trovano nei centri di detenzione vivono per strada, senza protezione, cure mediche o informazioni. read more

Language(s): Italienisch / Italiano
Region(s): Nordafrika

UNHCR in Libia, parte 2 - I migranti nei centri di detenzione: "Perché UNHCR vuole tenerci qui?"

In questa seconda parte della nostra inchiesta sulle operazioni UNHCR in Libia, pubblichiamo le testimonianze dei migranti che sono stati registrati o sperano di essere registrati per il ricollocamento. Attendono di sapere quale sarà il loro destino nei centri di detenzione per non perdere la priorità _➡️ PARTE 1

Nonostante un crescente impegno economico della UE nel supporto e addestramento delle unità di guardia costiera libica e un memorandum of understanding italiano con il GNA e l'organismo libico responsabile per la gestione dei centri di detenzione, ancora non sono stati fatti passi avanti per garantire il pieno rispetto dei diritti umani e condizioni di vita dignitose per i migranti nel paese. read more

Language(s): Italienisch / Italiano
Region(s): Nordafrika, Europäische Union

The "temporary solidarity mechanism" on relocation of people rescued at sea - what does it say?

Germany, France, Italy and Malta have drafted a declaration (pdf) establishing a "predictable and efficient temporary solidarity mechanism" aimed at ensuring the "dignified disembarkation" of people rescued at sea in the Mediterranean. If those rescued are eligible for international protection they will be relocated to a participating EU member state within four weeks, while ineligible persons will be subject to "effective and quick return. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Europäische Union

Urgence à la mobilisation : le procès en appel des solidaires approche !

Les 2 et 24 octobre, deux Solidairs feront appel au tribunal de Grenoble pour violation de la solidarité. Ils sont accusés de faciliter l'entrée d'immigrants clandestins sur le territoire français, mais ils ont aidé des personnes en danger. Appel aux protestations devant le tribunal de Grenoble. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Frankreich

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