Background information

bordermonitoring.eu e.V.: Newsletter #3.2019

In der neunten Ausgabe des Newsletters von bordermonitoring.eu wird, wie gewohnt, der aktuelle Stand des Grenzregimes in Ungarn, auf der Balkanroute, in Bulgarien, der Türkei und in Italien zusammengefasst. Zuallerallererst wird in diesem Newsletter jedoch näher auf ein Phänomen eingegangen, welches bisher – zumindest im deutschsprachigen Raum – noch weitestgehend unbekannt ist: Bootsgeflüchtete im Kanal zwischen Frankreich und England. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Balkanstaaten, Italien / Malta, Griechenland / Türkei, Osteuropa, Europäische Union, Europa

The Rescue: a flimsy raft, more than 100 souls, and three teenage heroes — or are they pirates?

Malta is currently the place of a political trial against three teenagers – 15, 16 and 19 years old. They were part of a group of 108 people who were rescued on March 26 this year by the merchant vessel El Hiblu 1 on its route to Tripoli. A European military aircraft alerted the commercial tanker as the so-called Libyan coastguards were not operative. When the migrants who had escaped Libya realised that they were returned back to their place of torment and an active warzone, they desperately demanded of the crew to change course and sail to Europe.[23] The teenagers, the “El Hiblu 3”, who were negotiating with the crew due to their language skills, rescued these 108 people, among them women and children, from being refouled back to Libya. Now they stand trial before the Maltese court, accused of having engaged in “terroristic” activities. The prosecution wants to turn the three into terrorist pirates who could face sentences up to 30 years in prison. The concrete charges against the “El Hiblu 3” are expected to come soon. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Europäische Union, Europa

ESCLUSIVO - UNHCR in Libia, parte 1: Dalla difesa dei rifugiati a quella degli interessi europei?

Il 3 ottobre si celebra la Giornata della Memoria e dell’Accoglienza per ricordare e commemorare tutte le vittime dell’immigrazione. Ricorda il naufragio del 2013 in cui 368 persone persero la vita al largo di Lampedusa.

In questo anniversario, Euronews pubblica in esclusiva un'inchiesta sull'operato di UNHCR, l'Alto Commissariato delle Nazioni Unite per i Rifugiati, in Libia, dove migliaia di migranti vivono in centri di detenzione o per le pericolose strade di Tripoli con la speranza, un giorno, di arrivare in Europa.

Nella nostra indagine abbiamo riscontrato preoccupanti negligenze in termini di assistenza umanitaria nei confronti di migranti e rifugiati che aspettano, a volte per anni, di sapere che ne sarà di loro. Restano in attesa in centri dove stupri, torture ma anche colpi d'arma da fuoco possono essere all'ordine del giorno. Ci domandiamo perché un'agenzia dell'Onu abbia difficoltà a lavorare in Libia nonostante il governo di Accordo Nazionale sia riconosciuto dall'Onu; ma, soprattutto, ci chiediamo il perché della mancanza di trasparenza che circonda l'operato dell'agenzia a Tripoli. Lo facciamo anche grazie alle interviste ai migranti detenuti in quelli che sono stati definiti dallo stesso Alto Commissario dell'UNHCR, Filippo Grandi, come veri e propri "campi di concentramento". read more

Language(s): Italienisch / Italiano
Region(s): Nordafrika

UNHCR in Libia, parte 3 - Parla un whistleblower: "Favoritismi e cultura dell'impunità"

L'indagine di Euronews sull'operato dell'UNHCR, l'Alto Commissario Onu per i Rifugiati, in Libia è stata portata all'attenzione del portavoce del segretario generale delle Nazioni Unite, António Guterres.

In questa terza parte della nostra inchiesta esclusiva diamo la parola a un whistleblower, un ex dipendente dell'agenzia che denuncia "la peggiore" gestione "della regione", tra accuse di corruzione, "cultura dell'impunità", errori procedurali nel sistema delle registrazioni dei rifugiati e incompetenza dello staff locale di fronte a decine di migliaia di migranti in situazione di estrema vulnerabilità.
L'ex membro dello staff UNHCR ha parlato con Euronews chiedendo di restare anonimo per paura di ripercussioni. Dal suo racconto emerge il ritratto di un'agenzia non in grado di assolvere a pieno al proprio mandato, in una Libia sempre più violenta e instabile in cui i richiedenti asilo che non si trovano nei centri di detenzione vivono per strada, senza protezione, cure mediche o informazioni. read more

Language(s): Italienisch / Italiano
Region(s): Nordafrika

UNHCR in Libia, parte 2 - I migranti nei centri di detenzione: "Perché UNHCR vuole tenerci qui?"

In questa seconda parte della nostra inchiesta sulle operazioni UNHCR in Libia, pubblichiamo le testimonianze dei migranti che sono stati registrati o sperano di essere registrati per il ricollocamento. Attendono di sapere quale sarà il loro destino nei centri di detenzione per non perdere la priorità _➡️ PARTE 1

Nonostante un crescente impegno economico della UE nel supporto e addestramento delle unità di guardia costiera libica e un memorandum of understanding italiano con il GNA e l'organismo libico responsabile per la gestione dei centri di detenzione, ancora non sono stati fatti passi avanti per garantire il pieno rispetto dei diritti umani e condizioni di vita dignitose per i migranti nel paese. read more

Language(s): Italienisch / Italiano
Region(s): Nordafrika, Europäische Union

The "temporary solidarity mechanism" on relocation of people rescued at sea - what does it say?

Germany, France, Italy and Malta have drafted a declaration (pdf) establishing a "predictable and efficient temporary solidarity mechanism" aimed at ensuring the "dignified disembarkation" of people rescued at sea in the Mediterranean. If those rescued are eligible for international protection they will be relocated to a participating EU member state within four weeks, while ineligible persons will be subject to "effective and quick return. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Europäische Union

Urgence à la mobilisation : le procès en appel des solidaires approche !

Les 2 et 24 octobre, deux Solidairs feront appel au tribunal de Grenoble pour violation de la solidarité. Ils sont accusés de faciliter l'entrée d'immigrants clandestins sur le territoire français, mais ils ont aidé des personnes en danger. Appel aux protestations devant le tribunal de Grenoble. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Frankreich

Italy’s redefinition of sea rescue as a crime draws on EU policy for inspiration

On the evening of 18 March, an ongoing conflict between the Italian government and civil sea rescue initiatives was reignited following the rescue of 49 people in international waters north of Libya by the ship Mare Jonio, of the Italian citizen-funded sea rescue initiative Mediterranea - Saving Humans. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Italien / Malta

Balkan Region: Illegal Pushbacks and Border Violence Reports

In July, illegal cross-border pushbacks continued at an increasingly institutionalized level along the EU’s external borders throughout the Balkans. Politicians, encouraged by unclear signals from the EU, have made clear that pushbacks operations are organized from the highest level of government. Varying levels of violence are employed by police officers during the apprehension, detention and return operations, creating a deterrence effect. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Balkanstaaten, Osteuropa, Europäische Union, Europa

South Atlantic Quarterly: Disorienting Disability

In der aktuellen Ausgabe von South Atlantic Quarterly Volume 118 (Issue 3) sind unter anderem verschiedene Artikel zum Thema Migration und MIttelmeer erschienen.

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Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Nordafrika, Europäische Union, Europa, Afrika

Pro Asyl: Neun-Punkte-Programm für den Flüchtlingsschutz in Europa

Menschenrechte sind unteilbar und gelten für alle. Gemeinsam mit der Neuen Richtervereinigung haben wir ein ein Neun-Punkte-Programm für den Flüchtlingsschutz in Europa formuliert. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Deutschland, Europäische Union, Europa

Illegal Buck-Backs and Border Violence Report, Westbalkan, Mai 2019

May report on cross-border violence in the Western Balkans. In total, this report covers 23 case reports of (in many cases violent) collective expulsions in the region.The reports were conducted with a wide demographic variety of respondents ranging from families to single men to unaccompanied minors. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Balkanstaaten, Osteuropa, Europa

Borders of violence: “When I resisted to enter the small dark room, they started beating me..”

Alarm Phone: Western Med Regional Analysis, 18 March - 31 May 2019
Since August/September 2018, we have witnessed a constant exacerbation of the situation of travellers in transit on the Western Mediterranean route. Violence and the threat of detention is a constant reality for sub-saharan travellers. The title is taken from the testimony of an AP member who was arrested and beaten in Tanger. The assault was witnessed by another comrade (see below). Her experience is just one example of police violence and unlawful arbitrary repression in Morocco. It is not an unfortunate, if all to common blip but part of the violent structures imposed by the Moroccan state at the behest of the European Union. We will not stop making visible and denouncing this structural violence! read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Spanien, Nordafrika

Bulgarien: Flüchtlinge zwischen Haft und Obdachlosigkeit

Die Lage der Geflüchteten im Transit, ihre Unterbringung und Integrationsperspektiven in Bulgarien. Von Mathias Fiedler und Marc Speer
Auch wenn die Zahl der Asylantragsteller_innen in den letzten Jahren zurückgegangen ist, stellt Bulgarien nach wie vor ein bedeutsames Transitland für Geflüchtete dar.[1] Die allermeisten von ihnen wollen Bulgarien jedoch lediglich durchqueren und weiter nach Mittel- und Nordeuropa reisen. Dies hat verschiedene Gründe: Einerseits sind die Anerkennungsraten für Asylbewerber_innen, die nicht aus Syrien stammen, im europäischen Vergleich auffallend niedrig, andererseits sind die Integrationsperspektiven anerkannter Flüchtlinge miserabel. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Europa

Italienisch – Libysche Kooperation kostet Menschenleben

Obwohl sich der Bürgerkrieg in Libyen durch die angestrebte Machtübernahme von General Haftar immer weiter zuspitzt und besonders die Lage der in den Auffangzentren festsitzenden Migrant*innen sich täglich verschlimmert, werden regelmäßig Menschen auf ihrer Flucht über das Mittelmeer von der sogenannten libyschen Küstenwache eingefangen und in genau die unmenschlichen Bedingungen zurückgeschickt, aus denen sie entflohen waren. Dies geschieht nicht nur im Wissen der europäischen Staaten, sondern sogar mit ihrer aktiven Hilfe. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Nordafrika, Europäische Union

An den Grenzen Europas und des Rechts Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf Migration, Grenzen und Recht - Maximilian Pichl / Timo Tohidipur (Hg.)

Rechtlich gesetzte Grenzen sind Konstanten der zeitgenössischen politisch-rechtlichen Staatenrealität. Zugleich sind sie aber auch der (teilweise imaginierte) Ort, an dem das Versprechen auf steuerbare Migration umgesetzt werden soll: Neben den physischen sind es vor allem auch diese abstrakten Grenzen, die den Zuzug nach Europa bestimmen.
Die disziplinübergreifenden Beiträge dieses Bandes untersuchen die Zugangsbedingungen für Menschen nach Europa und die damit zusammenhängende Relevanz von Recht und Grenzen. Neben philosophischen, juristischen, wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen und politologischen werden auch die journalistischen Beobachtungen des Lebens nach der Grenze sowie die filmische Auseinandersetzung mit dem Ankommen diskutiert. Dabei wird sowohl der theoretische Kontext als auch Kritik an bestehender Rechtspraxis konstruktiv ausgelotet.
read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Europäische Union, Europa

When witnesses won’t be silenced:citizens’ solidarity

When witnesses won’t be silenced: citizens’ solidarity and criminalisation is a free downloadable briefing paper that looks at the dramatic increase in prosecutions from European states on humanitarian activists for their acts of solidarity with and assistance of displaced people.

Chronicling 17 cases involving 99 people in 2018 and the first months of 2019, this second report on the criminalisation of humanitarian actors, shows the expansion and escalation of states’ prosecutions during the ‘migrant crisis’. For example, 2018 saw charges include:

- Membership of a criminal network or gang as well as, in the Stansted 15 case, terrorism-related offences
- In some cases, individuals and organisations have had phones tapped and bank accounts frozen
- In the case of search and rescue NGOs investigation and/or prosecution has been accompanied by ‘smear campaigns’ which seem to be spearheaded by the Italian government to delegitimize, slander and obstruct aid associations
read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Europäische Union

Verletzt Italien das UN-Waffenembargo gegenüber Libyen?

Im Juli 2018 verlängerten die UN das Waffenembargo gegenüber allen Konfliktparteien in Libyen. Auf Grund dessen wurden jegliche Waffen und militärische Ausrüstung von den Schiffen, die von Italien an die sog. libysche Küstenwache geliefert wurden, vor der Übergabe entfernt. Die italienischen Schiffe sollten nur für Rettungsaktionen in der libyschen SAR Zone (Search and Rescue, Rettungszone) verwendet werden. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Nordafrika

Immigration Detention in Niger: Expanding the EU-Financed Zone of Suffering Through “Penal Humanitarianism”?

Global Detention Project Report: Niger has been a principal migration hub for people criss-crossing the Sahel region of Africa for generations. It has also served as an important transit country for migrants and asylum seekers on the Central Mediterranean route through Libya to Europe. Its place on the map has made Niger one of the European Union’s most important targets for extending external migration controls, often under the pretext of protecting migrants and asylum seekers. But there remains very little detailed information concerning the country’s treatment of people while in detention. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Nordafrika

Bundesregierung bestätigt: Libysche Behörden für Seenotrettung gar nicht erreichbar

Die Bundesregierung bestätigt in der Antwort auf eine kleine Anfrage „Schwierigkeiten bei der elektronischen oder telefonischen Erreichbarkeit“ der libyschen „Küstenwache“. Das gleiche gelte „hinsichtlich sprachlicher Kommunikationshindernisse“. Ein für solche Fälle eingerichteter Kommunikationskanal in Form eines "Monitoring-Mechanismus" war den ganzen vergangenen Sommer über ausgesetzt. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Nordafrika, Deutschland, Europäische Union

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