Background information

Greece: de facto suspension of human rights for protection seekers in the aegean sea

In a new report, the organization Mare Liberum shows that last year saw an unprecedented escalation of human rights violations in the Aegean Sea - both at sea and on land. Mare Liberum documented that from March to December alone, more than 9,000 people fleeing were forcibly pushed back to Turkey, depriving them of their right to asylum. The report also shows that, in addition to the Greek coast guard as the main actor, the European border protection agency Frontex and ships under NATO command are also involved in these systematic and illegal repatriation operations.

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Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Griechenland / Türkei, Afrika

A Struggle for Every Single Boat

Over the past six months, from July to December 2020, we witnessed a continuity in the Central Mediterranean Sea, with Italian and Maltese state actors withdrawing from their rescue obligations, the administrative detention of the civil fleet and the unresponsiveness of the so-called Libyan Coast Guard in situations where people were in extreme distress off the Libyan shores. The combination of these elements has inevitably led to an increasing rescue gap, more suffering and many shipwrecks at sea. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Nordafrika

Crimes against Humanity in the Aegean

The present report contributes to this growing body of evidence both to serve as a resource for survivors of collective expulsions and solidarity actors, and to demonstrate the consistent and systematic nature of this practice over the last year. It is based on recent additional evidence shared with LCL by survivors of collective expulsions, and analyses the violations committed by the Greek authorities in their commission of collective expulsions. It identifies the consistent modus operandi of collective expulsions at the Aegean sea border, which evidences both the widespread and systematic nature of ‘push-backs’ as an attack against migrants, and the policy pursuant to and in furtherance of which this attack is carried out: amounting to crimes against humanity committed by Greek authorities in accordance with the criteria of Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (Rome Statute). It should also be reminded however, that it does not capture the years of systematic pushback practices carried out by Greece at both its land and sea border with
Turkey. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Griechenland / Türkei

Amnesty International denuncia il Memorandum of Understanding tra i due paesi

Alla vigilia del quarto anniversario della firma del Memorandum d’intesa con la Libia, Amnesty International ha denunciato che nel paese nordafricano si susseguono arresti arbitrari, torture, rapimenti e violenze ai danni di rifugiati e migranti con la complicità e nel silenzio delle istituzioni italiane. read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Italien / Malta, Nordafrika

Research Report: Migrants and Migration in the eastern region of Libya

This situational report is based on a research conducted from October to December 2020 in Tobruk, Eastern Libya. It contains a situational analysis of living and health conditions of migrants in Eastern Libya with a special focus on the perception of migrants on social media. It gives a unique insight into the lifes of migrants marked by total exploitation and extortion as well as threats of imprisonment and deportation.The author was an intern with borderline Europe, sponsored by IfA, International Institut of Foreign Relations within the scope of their CCP fellowships as a remote intern. The research was conducted in a period when Libya was shaken by electricity and internet outages, scarcity of commodities, limitation of movement due to the pandemic and physical threats by militias especially against young women and also our intern.
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Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Nordafrika

Shocking number of deaths, but also growing struggles on the ground

2020 was a difficult year for people all around the world. Travellers on the routes across the Western Mediterranean and the Atlantic were no exception. They faced numerous novel challenges this year. We witnessed unprecedented developments. In Morocco and Spain, not only has the Corona crisis served as yet another pretext to harass, intimidate and mistreat migrants, but the travel routes also changed significantly read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Nordafrika, Europa

Lipa is the cruel consequence of the European border politics.

The images from Lipa are harrowing. The catastrophic situation people on the move are facing in northern Bosnia-Herzegovina is the consequence of European policies of shutting off people, no matter what. Germany and the EU are direct responsible for the systematic violation of the rights of people on the move at Europe's external borders. It is the EU that has created the humanitarian emergency in Bosnia in the first place through the systematic use of force by Croatian border guards. These violent pushbacks must be stopped immediately. The German government must act now: People on the move must be evacuated immediately from Bosnia-Herzegovina. In Germany, federal states and municipalities are ready to take them in – their entry into the EU must be made possible! read more

Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Balkanstaaten

Balkan Region Report - December 2020

During December 2020, the Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) gathered 25 testimonies of pushbacks, impacting a total of 707 people-on-the-move. This rounds off a year of consistent and compelling evidence collected by BVMN, exposing the systematised use of pushbacks at the European Union external border. In this report, updates cover a variety of violations including pushback practices, internal violence and the crisis around winterised shelter.

This report analyses among other things:

Tri-border pushbacks from Bulgaria to Turkey
Expulsion of transit groups from Lesvos
Fire pits used by the Croatian police
The burning of camp Lipa in Bosnia-Herzegovina
Legal proceedings against Croatia and Hungary
Gateway removals near Idomeni
Read the full report to find out more about these, and further events from the region that occured in December. Other topics include an update from activists working with arrivals in Trieste, analysis of Greek Ministry of Asylum videos, coverage of right wing attacks in Thessaloniki and fires on Samos, and challenging transit conditions for people in Serbia as winter intensifies. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Balkanstaaten, Europäische Union

Sea rescue in the Mediterranean Sea the review of 2020

Since 2015, several civilian sea rescue organizations from various European countries, primarily Germany, Italy and Spain, have been operating mainly in the central Mediterranean Sea - repeatedly emphasizing that sea rescue is actually a state task, but that it is not being adequately performed. According to their own figures, they were able to rescue more than 3,500 people from distress at sea in 2020. But for some time now, their work has been increasingly hindered by political measures, for example because Mediterranean states such as Italy and Malta refuse to shelter refugees and prohibit them from entering their ports, while the EU has suspended "Sophia," its rescue mission in the Mediterranean.
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Language(s): Deutsch / German
Region(s): Europäische Union, Europa

KISA denounces the new act of repression by the government.

PRESS REEASE – 16/12/2020
KISA denounces the new act of repression by the government.

KISA denounces a mew attempt by the government to repress its action and vision for a society without racism and discrimination
The Minister of Interior, immediately after his appointment last December, unleashed an unprecedented defamation attack against KISA and other NGOS active in the field of migration and asylum, making his intention to close them down very clear.
The Minister, with no substantiation whatsoever of his positions, repeatedly accused KISA for cooperation with terrorist religious organisations collaborating with Turkey, for corruption and participating in money laundering as well as for participation in the pursued, according to him, demographic and cultural identity changes of Cyprus by Turkey. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Griechenland / Türkei

LOCKED UP AND EXCLUDED - Informal and illegal detention in Spain, Greece, Italy and Germany

The report of Migreurop “Locked up and excluded" : Informal and illegal detention in Spain, Greece, Italy and Germany” looks back at how four EU member states practiced the administrative detention of non- nationals in 2019. The report shows how, in both first arrival countries such as Italy, Greece and Spain and in a presumed destination country, Germany, the detention of non-nationals is evolving, taking new forms and based on new grounds. In particular, this report argues that, in 2019, administrative detention was increasingly happening outside or at the margins of existing legal frameworks. We consider that locking migrants up without respecting or by bending existing legislations amounted to a generalization of ad hoc and informal detention and that it led to the further precarisation and deterioration of detention conditions. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Europa

Balkan Region Report – October 2020

In October, the Border Violence Monitoring Network published 40 reports of pushbacks and police violence at European Union borders. These cases, which relate the experience of 1003 people-on-the-move, are a testament to the brutal border systems in place at internal and external EU borders. Respondents experienced a range of physical, psychological and structural violence, which is examined in detail in this report. Read the full report for further updates on the criminalisation of solidarity work in Croatia, forced removals to the South of Serbia, Frontex pushbacks in the Aegean and deaths of people-on-the-move killed on the route last month. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Balkanstaaten

Deadly Crossings and the militarisation of Britain’s borders

Military-style solutions won’t solve humanitarian problems, argues our new report that details the nearly 300 border-related deaths in and around the English Channel since 1999. Deadly Crossings and the Militarisation of Britain’s Borders reveals the human tragedies caused by inhumane border enforcement at a time when the UK Home Office is seeking to make Channel crossings ‘unviable’. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Frankreich, Großbritannien

A Walled World - towards a global Apartheid

We are truly living in a walled world. These fortresses segregate people, protecting privilege and power and denying others human rights and dignity. This report argues that 30 years after its dismantling in South Africa, our walled world is creating a new kind of global apartheid. Such borders are constructed on racist ideologies, deny groups of people basic rights and perpetuate violence. As this report argues, the concept of global apartheid ‘helps explain tendencies and structures of power and global segregation’ in which ‘walls are just one of the physical and visible dimensions of the growing cultural, structural and physical violence that this system creates in the world’. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Weltweit

The Increase in arrivals of migrants in the Canary Islands highlights structural issues

Migration flows between the Canary Islands, Morocco and Senegal are at an all-time high, reproducing what happened in 2006 on this route. As of 15 November 2020, the number of people crossing has been multiplied by six, compared to 2019, reaching a total of 16,950 people. An increase in crossings leads to an increase in deaths at sea. In one week at the end of  October,  480 people died or were reported missing. On 29 October, 140 people lost their lives off the Senegalese coast. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Spanien, Nordafrika, Europa, Weltweit

Report to the Greek Governmenton the visit to Greece carried out by the European Committeefor the Prevention of Torture and Inhumanor Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT)

The European Committeefor the Prevention of Torture and Inhumanor Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) wishes to emphasise that it acknowledges the significant challenges the Greek authorities are facing in dealing with large numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants entering the country. It has repeatedly stressed that addressing this phenomenon requires a coordinated European approach as well as support by the European Union and its member States. The response of the Greek authorities cannot rely on a policy of detention. At the same time, it wishes to reiterate that this situation cannot absolve the Greek authorities from their international human rights obligations as regards the treatment of foreign nationals deprived of their liberty. The State must exercise its duty of care to all persons deprived of their liberty and treat them with humanity and with dignity read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Griechenland / Türkei, Europäische Union

Migranti climatici - Cause, definizioni e numeri di un fenomeno in crescita

Oggi l’1% del pianeta Terra è una zona calda appena vivibile e miliardi di persone chiamano questa terra “casa”. Entro il 2070, a causa del riscaldamento globale, questa percentuale potrebbe arrivare al 19%, forzando così la popolazione di queste aree a spostarsi in altri luoghi, e dando ulteriore impulso al fenomeno dei migranti climatici. read more

Language(s): Italienisch / Italiano
Region(s): Weltweit

New Pact on Migration – Policy Analysis

On 23rd September 2020, the European Commission presented its plans for the future of migration and asylum management in Europe. Whilst it has been widely acknowledged that an overhaul of the current system is imperative, the New Pact does little to quell concerns from INGOs, civil society groups, and human rights watchdogs. The Border Violence Monitoring Network (BVMN) has decided to focus on independent border monitoring, pre-screening procedures and mechanisms that immediately follow for the purpose of this policy analysis. These indicate a system in which external borders will be fortified in the interest of accelerating decision making processes for new arrivals into the bloc. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Balkanstaaten, Italien / Malta, Griechenland / Türkei, Europäische Union

Technological Testing Grounds

Migration Management Experiments and Reflections from the Ground Up - This report offers the beginning of a systemic analysis of migration management technologies, foregrounding the experiences of people on the move who are interacting with and thinking about surveillance, biometrics, and automated decision-making during the course of their migration journeys. Published by EDRI and Refugee Law Lab read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Weltweit

Populations at Risk: Implications of COVID-19 for Hunger, Migration and Displacement, November 2020

The joint WFP-IOM report highlights the close interconnection between hunger, conflict, migration and displacement, which has been further aggravated by COVID-19. The study explores the impact of the pandemic on the livelihoods, food security and protection of migrant workers households dependent on remittances and the forcibly displaced. Using the latest available data, the report highlights food security trends in some of the major migration and hunger hotspots across the world. The key findings have informed joint recommendations put forward by both agencies to mitigate the immediate negative effects on mobile and displaced populations, while preparing the pathway to recovery. read more

Language(s): Englisch / English
Region(s): Weltweit

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